Characterization of Structural and Electrochromic Properties of Nanocomposite \(\text{TiO}_{2}-\text{WO}_{3} \) Films

Dang Hai Ninh, Tran Thi Thao, Nguyen Nang Dinh, Pham Duy Long


Using doctor-blade technique, followed by electrochemical deposition, nanocomposite WO\(_{3}\)-TiO\(_{2}\) films were prepared. Structure, morphology and composition ratio of the nanocomposite films were characterized by a comprehensive analyzing the SEM, EDX, XRD and Raman scattering results. The reversible coloration and bleaching of TiO\(_{2}\)/ITO and WO\(_{3}\)-TiO\(_{2}\)/ITO electrodes were demonstrated. The ECD coloration efficiency of WO\(_{3}\)-TiO\(_{2}\)/ITO was found to be much larger (55.1 cm\(^{2}\times \text{C}^{ - 1})\) than that of TiO\(_{2}\)/ITO (34.3 cm\(^{2}\times \text{C}^{ - 1})\). The resulting nanostructured composites enables the coloration efficiency of the WO\(_{3}\)-TiO\(_{2}\) film to be considerably improved. The results suggest a potential application of the nanocomposites of two electrochromic oxides in large-area energy-efficiency (or smart) windows.


electrochromic display (ECD), electrochemical deposition, SEM and EDX, XRD and Raman scattering, coloration efficiency

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