Mode shape analysis of multiple cracked functionally graded beam-like structures by using dynamic stiffness method

Tran Van Lien, Ngo Trong Duc, Nguyen Tien Khiem


Mode shapes of multiple cracked beam-like structures made of Functionally Graded Material (FGM) are analyzed by using the dynamic stiffness method. Governing equations in vibration theory of multiple cracked FGM beam are derived on the base of Timoshenko beam theory; power law variation of material; coupled spring model of crack and taking into account the actual position of neutral axis. A general solution of vibration in frequency domain is obtained and used for constructing dynamic stiffness matrix of the multiple cracked FGM Timoshenko beam element that provides an efficient method for modal analysis of multiple cracked FGM frame structures. The theoretical development is illustrated by numerical analysis of crack-induced change in mode shapes of multi-span continuous FGM beam.


FGM; multiple cracked beam; modal analysis; dynamic stiffness method

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