Distribution features of meteorological parameters in Truong Sa archipelago area
Keywords:Truong Sa archipelago, hydro-meteorological, wind, tropical cyclon
AbstractThis paper presents the distribution features of observed meteorological parameters in Truong Sa archipelago area including wind, tropical cyclone, and average values of solar radiation, air temperature, air humidity, rainfall. Observed data were collected from Truong Sa island hydro-meteorological station. In particular, data of tropical cyclones affecting Truong Sa archipelago area were collected from the websites http://www.jma.go.jp/jma/jma-eng/jma-center/(Japan). Study results show that the main meteorological parameters in Truong Sa archipelago area are affected by solar radiation and monsoonal wind regimes in East Asia region which are Northeast monsoon occurring from November to April and Southwest monsoon occurring from June to September. Transition periods are May and October. Tropical cyclones occur mainly in November–December, maximum wind speed was 64 m/s in typhoon HAIYAN (November 2013). The highest average solar radiation occurs in April (277 hours), the lowest in January (181 hours). The highest average air temperature occurs in April (29.5oC), the lowest in January (26.6oC). The highest average rainfall occurs in November (341 mm), the lowest in March (62 mm). The highest average air humidity occurs in November–December (85%), the lowest in April–May (79%). The highest average water evaporation occurs in March (129 mm), the lowest in December (87 mm).
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