ASSESSMENT OF ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE AND BACTERIAL CONTAMINATION OF ICE SOLD IN CANTHO CITY, VIETNAM

Ngoc Thi Anh Tong

Abstract


This study aimed to investigate the bacterial contamination of flake and cube ice being used dailyin the community. Thirty-one ice samples were collected from different areas in the city of Can Tho city, Vietnam. The enumeration of total aerobic mesophilic counts, the presence of coliforms and Escherichia coli (E. coli) and determination of antibiotics resistance of E. coli isolates were examined. The results indicated that total aerobic mesophilic counts ranged from 2.5 to 6.2 log CFU/mL and significant differences of total aerobic mesophilic counts were found between flake ice and cube ice (p < 0.05). Coliforms and E. coli were present on the ice samples of 93.55% and 58.06%, respectively. A total of 39 E. coli isolates were tested their resistance to 15 different antibiotics. The E. coli isolates of 74.36% were multi-resistance from three to thirteen antibiotics. The high prevalance was resistant to Ampicillin (79.49%), Cefotaxime (69.23%), Ceftazidime (46.15%), Tetracycline (56.41%), Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprime (46.15%), Colistin (20.51%), etc. As E. coli is an hygiene indicator and a candidate vehicle for the transfer of antibiotic resistance gene, it is highly recommended using clean and probable water in ice making as well as preventing the spread of antibiotic resistant bacteria.


Keywords


antibiotic resistance, Cantho city, E. coli, microbial contamination, ice

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdalla M., Suliman S. and Bakhiet A. - Food safety knowledge and practices of street foodvendors in Atbara City (Naher Elneel State Sudan). African Journal of Biotechnology. 8 (2009) 6967-6971.

Adewoye S. and Lateef A. - Assessment of the microbiological quality of Clarias gariepinus exposed to an industrial effluent in Nigeria. Environmentalist. 24 (2004) 249-254.

Chukuezi C.O. - Food safety and hyienic practices of street food vendors in Owerri, Nigeria. Studies in sociology of science. 1 (2010) 50-57.

CLSI. Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute 2017, 27th Edition, M100: Performance Standards for Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing,(2017) p., Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute. National Commitee for Clinical Laboratory Standards, Wayne, PA.

EU. 98/83/EC of 3 November 1998 on the quality of water intended for human consumption,(1998) p., Official Journal of the European Communities 5,L330.

Falcão J., Dias A., Correa E. and Falcão D. - Microbiological quality of ice used to refrigerate foods. Food Microbiology. 19 (2002) 269-276.

Fawole O., Lateef A. and Amaefuna M. - Microbiological examination of drinking water in Ogbomoso metropolis, Southwest Nigeria. Science focus. 1 (2002) 16-20.

Food and Environmental Hygiene Department - The microbiological quality of Edible ice from ice manufacturing Plants and retail businesses In Hong Kong. Risk Assessment studies, Report No. 21, 1-27. Food and Environmental Hygiene Department. The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. (2005).

Gerokomou V., Voidarou C., Vatopoulos A., Velonakis E., Rozos G., Alexopoulos A., Plessas S., Stavropoulou E., Bezirtzoglou E. and Demertzis P. - Physical, chemical and microbiological quality of ice used to cool drinks and foods in Greece and its public health implications. Anaerobe. 17 (2011) 351-353.

Grewal J. and Tiwari R. - Resistance to metal ions and antibiotics in Escherichia coli isolated from foodstuffs. Journal of Medical Microbiology. 32 (1990) 223-226.

Hampikyan H., Bingol E.B., Cetin O. and Colak H. - Microbiological quality of ice and ice machines used in food establishments. Journal of water and health. 15 (2017) 410-417.

Khan A.S., Moe C.L., Glass R.I., Monroe S.S., Estes M.K., Chapman L.E., Jiang X., Humphrey C., Pon E. and Iskander J.K. - Norwalk virus-associated gastroenteritis traced to ice consumption aboard a cruise ship in Hawaii: comparison and application of molecular method-based assays. Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 32 (1994) 318-322.

Lateef A. - The microbiology of a pharmaceutical effluent and its public health implications. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology. 20 (2004) 167-171.

Lateef A., Oloke J. and Gueguimkana E. - The prevalence of bacterial resistance in clinical, food, water and some environmental samples in Southwest Nigeria. Environmental monitoring and assessment. 100 (2005) 59-69.

Lateef A., Oloke J.K., Kana E.G. and Pacheco E. - The microbiological quality of ice used to cool drinks and foods in Ogbomoso Metropolis, Southwest, Nigeria. Internet Journal of Food Safety. 8 (2006) 39-43.

Mahale D.P., Khade R.G. and Vaidya V.K. - Microbiological analysis of street vended fruit juices from Mumbai city, India. Internet Journal of Food Safety. 10 (2008) 31-34.

Moyer N.P., Breuer G.M., Hall N.H., Kempf J.L., Friell L.A., Ronald G.W. and Hausler Jr W.J. - Quality of packaged ice purchased at retail establishments in Iowa. Journal of food protection. 56 (1993) 426-431.

Nichols G., Gillespie I. and De Louvois J. - The microbiological quality of ice used to cool drinks and ready-to-eat food from retail and catering premises in the United Kingdom. Journal of food protection. 63 (2000) 78-82.

Obiri-Danso K., Okore-Hanson A. and Jones K. - The microbiological quality of drinking water sold on the streets in Kumasi, Ghana. Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 37 (2003) 334-339.

Pedalino B., Feely E., McKeown P., Foley B., Smyth B. and Moren A. - An outbreak of Norwalk-like viral gastroenteritis in holidaymakers travelling to Andorra, January-February 2002. European Communicable Disease Bulletin Vol. 8 No. 1. (2003).

Phu T.M., Scippo M.-L., Phuong N.T., Tien C.T.K., Son C.H. andDalsgaard A. - Withdrawal time for sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim following treatment of striped catfish (Pangasianodon hypophthalmus) and hybrid red tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus× Oreochromis niloticus). Aquaculture. 437 (2015) 256-262.

Quick R., Paugh K., Addiss D., Kobayashi J. andBaron R. - Restaurant-associated outbreak of giardiasis. Journal of Infectious Diseases. 166 (1992) 673-676.

Samapundo S., Climat R., Xhaferi R. andDevlieghere F. - Food safety knowledge, attitudes and practices of street food vendors and consumers in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. Food Control. 50 (2015) 457-466.

Tambekar D., Jaiswal V., Dhanorkar D., Gulhane P. andDudhane M. - Microbial quality and safety of street vended fruit juices: a case study of Amravati city. Internet Journal of Food Safety. 10 (2009) 72-76.

Ukwo S.P., Ndaeyo N.U. andUdoh E.J. - Microbiological quality and safety evaluation of fresh juices and edible ice sold in Uyo Metropolis, South-South, Nigeria. Internet Journal of Food Safety. 13 (2011) 374-378.

Van Sy N., Harada K., Asayama M., Warisaya M., Sumimura Y., Diep K.T., Thang N.N., Hoa T.T.T., Phu T.M. andKhai P.N. - Residues of 2-hydroxy-3-phenylpyrazine, a degradation product of some β-lactam antibiotics, in environmental water in Vietnam. Chemosphere. 172 (2017) 355-362.

Vieira R.H., de Souza O.V. andPatel T.R. - Bacteriological quality of ice used in Mucuripe Market, Fortaleza, Brazil. Food Control. 8 (1997) 83-85.

Vietnam Ministry of Health - Circular No. 04/2009/TT-BYT, promulgating national technical standards about the quality of edible drinking water. (2009).

Vietnam Ministry of Health - Circular No. 35/2010/TT-BYT, promulgating national technical standards for non-alcoholic beverages. (2010).

Wilson I., Hogg G. andBarr J. - Microbiological quality of ice in hospital and community. Journal of Hospital Infection. 36 (1997) 171-180.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15625/2525-2518/57/3B/14205 Display counter: Abstract : 494 views. PDF : 179 views.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Bioteknologi Agrikultur

Index: Google Scholar; Crossref; VCGate; Asean Citation Index

Published by Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology